The Yugo, also marketed outside North America as the ‘Zastava Koral’ or ‘Yugo Koral’, is a subcompact hatchback formerly manufactured by Zastava Automobiles, at the time a Yugoslavian corporation. Originally designed in Italy as a shortened variant of the Fiat 127, the first Yugo prototype was manufactured on July 2, 1977. Series production started on November 28, 1980. The Zastava Koral, a facelifted model, was marketed until November 11, 2008, after production of 794,428 cars.
The Yugo was marketed in the United States from 1985 to 1992 by Malcolm Bricklin, with a total of 141,651 sold – peaking at 48,812 in 1987 and falling to 1,412 in 1992.
The North American Yugo was ultimately offered with two engines: a 1.1L carbureted four-cylinder (used in the Fiat 101/128), making 55HP, and a 1.3L fuel-injected four-cylinder. Transmission choices were either a 4-speed manual (available with the 1.1L engine), 5-speed manual (available with the 1.3L engine), or a Renault-sourced three-speed automatic (also available with the 1.3L engine).
Five models of Yugo were sold in the United States for the 1987 model year: the basic entry-level $3,990 GV (for “Great Value”), the GVC with a glass sunroof, the nearly identical GVL and GVS with minor trim and upholstery upgrades, and the GVX with the 1.3L engine, five-speed manual transmission, and standard equipment including a plush interior, ground-effects package, alloy wheels, and rally lights. The Cabrio convertible was introduced in 1988.
- Most of the electrical parts were produced in Nova Gorica, Slovenia.
- The interior fittings were made in the Croatian city of Split.
- Brakes were produced in Varaždin, also Croatia.
- The engine’s electrical parts were produced in Banja Luka, Bosnia, and Herzegovina.
- The Macedonian city of Ohrid was the production site for seat belts, locks, and mirrors.
- The rest of car’s parts and final assembly was done in Serbia.
US sales figures, by year:
With the 794,428th (worldwide production) and final car, production ended on November 11, 2008. Of that number, around 250,000 were exported to various countries.